"Playing" postage stamps
Bhutan, the country in the eastern Himalayas, emitts stamps that are gramophone records. When playing this kind of disc–stamp one can listen to folk songs and the national anthem of this Asian country.
Pranks on postage stamps
Emission ‘100 Death Anniversary of Nikolai Gogol’, 1952
||On olive branch cross-section there was placed the name ‘Lala’
Emission ‘Year of the Renaissance’ 1953
||Over the Wawel Castle window friend’s name ‘Pilch’|
Postage stamps are printed by various techniques. One of them is the steel engraving. In the manufacturing process of stamps made by this technique, engraver maps graphic design of the stamp manually, using a graver on a steel plate - miniature die size of a postage stamp.
A careful observer using a magnifying glass can reveal so-called ‘confidential prints’ on them, actually the pranks made by Mr. Słania. This artist altered stamp design while moving it on the die by adding his own private contents, which is invisible for ‘the naked eye’ on the printed stamp. The content consits of the names of relatives and friends, and their images, not excluding his own one.
What a stagecoach passenger should know.
["For God's sake stop (...)", print from the nineteenth century]
"(...) Departure of the post over the scheduled time can not be accepted, therefore travellers must arrive punctually at the House of the Post, before Post Office transport departure - Do not stop in front of private houses, or roadway, who therefore is being late, is guilty himself, that the Post Office transport departs without him. (...)
(...) Clearly excluded from the stagecoach travel are small children, (...), or infants fed by their mothers, also mentally disabaled people, people suffering from convulsions, or with visible pustules covered (...)
(...) Smoking tobacco and having a dog is forbidden.
(...) Postman under the most severe penalty is prohibited of taking people along the way which are not signed [on the passenger list], as also stopping in the taverns along the way, every traveler is obligated to report about such situation to his/her nearest Post Office, where she/he is arriving to report. (...)
(...) In addition to the personal fee (...) Postman, or whoever else from the postal servants, has no smallest right to demand from the passenger the Trynkgelt [tip], or any other allowance.
("Information for travellers needed" - verso of stagecoach ticket, 1826).
What can happen to a passenger of stagecoach during the trip.
[The robbers' attack on the stagecoach - print from the nineteenth century]
„In a travel from Szczawnica to Stary Sącz I experienced a constant trouble because of carriage number 126 bad technical condition and the door do not close, in a result of that I was forced for 5 hours to hold the door by my hand, the seats were so torn and awfully filthy that I gave up taking the journey by postal transport forever. Łącko, July 23, 1892 (...). "
(Complaints book, post station in Łącko, 1861-1892)
Conveniences for travelers on postal station
The menu of the postal station in Brzeźnica, 1859.
"(...) Travellers traveling with a stagecoach should find clean illuminated room, that is heated in winter, so they could rest there without obstacles. Every room of this kind, called passenger room, should contain at least two couches or sofas, two tables, a mirror, six chairs and a screen. Postal station innkeeper should keep food for the travelers (...) ".
(Contract for keeping Postal station inn [horse re-harnessing station] in Przyrowie, 1839.)
Dangerous postal consignment from 1831 r.
Postal consignments coming from areas affected by the plague were disinfected, to prevent the spread of infectious diseases such as cholera, plague and smallpox. Initially smoke incense from herbs or washing with water and vinegar was used. In the eighteenth century unopened letters were repeatedly pierced with the needle, or other tools, and then kept over smoke or fumes of sulfur or vinegar. Traces of such a procedure wears a letter from 1831. It has been sent in the border town Strzałkowo (Prussian partition), in which travellers, before entering the Polish Kingdom, were forced to quarantine, because of cholera epidemic infesting in Germany.